I. Humanistic Studies:

Sources & references in humanistic studies are arranged in alphabetical order at the end of  the thesis/dissertation as of described below:

A. Unpublished Sources (Manuscripts, Documents, and the role of the archives, & etc)   

Manuscripts

Methods of Documentation:

Author’s nickname or last name, followed by author’s first name: name or title of manuscript in bold. Place of publication. Number of publication

Example: Al-sanussi, Muhamed Ben Yousif: A useful Introduction to Logic. Library of An-Najah National University.Nablus. 62

B. Published Sources

Methods of Documentation:

Author’s nickname, followed by author’s first name. Name of the source written in bold. The number of parts or volumes if any. Name of investigator or Translator. Edition Number. Place of Publication: Publisher. Year of publication.

Example: Al-Tabary, Muhamed Ben Jarir. The History of Messengers & Kings. Vol 10. Investigator Mohamed Abu Al-Fadel Ibrahim.2nd Editio. Cairo: Dar Al-Ma’arif. 1969   

C. References

Methods of Documentation:

Author’s nickname, followed by author’s first name. Name of reference source written in bold. The number of parts or volumes if any. Edition Number. Place of Publication: Publisher. Year of publication.

Example: Abu Hatab, Fouad & Aamal Sadiq: Educational Psychology.  2nd Edition. Cairo: Egyptian Anglo Library. 1980.

Example: TimOshenko, S. P. and Woinowsky – Ktieger, S.: Theory of Plates and Shells. 2nd Edition. Tokyo. Mc Graw – Hill Book Company. 1959.

*Unpublished Books:

The documentation procedures used above shall apply to such category of unpublished books, in addition to making a note between two parentheses that the work is either unpublished or under work.

D. Periodicals

Methods of Documentation:

Author’s nickname or last name, followed by author’s first names: Article Title in Italic and bold, Journal Title in bold. Number. Volume. Year/ number of pages.   

Example: Nazzal, R. Ayman:  “The Pragmatic Functions of the Enactment of Insha’allah by Muslims in their Mundane Discourse.”  Published in the International Journal of Pragmatics, Vol. 15, No. 2/3, June 2005/ 225-252.

Example: Kotthoff, H.: "Responding to Irony in Different Contexts: On Cognition in Conversation", Journal of Pragmatics, 35, 2003/ 1387-1411.

*(Accepted Articles for Publication)

The documentation procedures applied herein shall apply and after writing the title of the article a note of accepted for publication’ should be added to the Title of the Journal.

E. Conferences Proceedings

Methods of Documentation:

Author’s nickname, followed by his first names: Title of Article in italics and bold. Conference Name in bold. Editor’s name. Volume. Place of publication: Publisher. Date of publication/ number of pages.

Example:  Abedel- Rahman, Afeef: Jeruslame & its status in the eyes’ of Muslims and reflection in heritage books. 3rd International Conference for the History of Bilad Al-sham ‘Palestine’. Ed. Adnan Albakheet. 3. Amman, 1983/224-265.

 Example: Lssa S. S., and Al-Abbas R.K.: Characteristics Of Bonded Double Containment Joints. Proc. Of The Int IMEKO / GESA Symp. On TIsk Minimization By Experimental Mechanics. VDL Berichte No. 940. Dusseldorf: 1992.

*Chapter in a Book

Methods of Documentation:

Author’s nickname, followed by author’s first names: Title of Book Chapter in italics and bold. Book Title in bold. Editor’s name. Edition Number.(if it is available). Place of publication. Publisher. Date of publication/ number of pages.

Example: Abbass, Ihssan: The Arabs in Andalus, A review on the Arabs, Islam, and Europe. Editor, Mahmoud Al-sumra. 1st edition. Kuwait: Arab Magazine. 1984/71-79.   

Example: Latifi, M.: Commercial Production Of Anti – Anakeebite Serum In. Biology Of The Reptelia. Gands, C. and Gans, K. (Editors). New York: Academic Press. 1986.

F. Dissertations / Theses

Methods of Documentation:

Author’s nickname, followed by author’s first names: Dissertation Title in bold (unpublished). University name. Country. Year.

Example: Abdu, Majd Abedel-fatah Ismael: The Teaching Circumstances in Nablus during the British Mandate (unpublished M.A. thesis). An-Najah National University. Nablus. Palestine.1998.   

Example: Khaleel, Zaher Mohammed: The Effect of Intelligence on Student’s Academic (Unpublished Master    ’s Thesis). An-Najah National University. Nablus. Palestine. 1995.

G. Publication of Institutions

Methods of Documentation:

The name of the institution. The name of the publication written in bold. Place. The date of publication.

Example: An-Najah National University. Year Book. Nablus.1998.

H. Newspapers and Magazines

Methods of Documentation:

1. With an author:

Author’s nickname, followed by author’s first names: Article Title written in bold and italics. News paper/magazine title written in bold. Place of publication. Number followed by slash / history. Number of pages.

Example: Tuqan, Fadwa: Night & Knights. Alquds News Paper. Jerusalem. 12/1267 Feb.15.1958.

2. Without an author:

Methods of Documentation:

Magazine or News paper Title written in bold. Place of publication. Number followed by slash / and history of publication. Number of pages.

Example: Al-Fajr. Jerusalem. 2143/20. June 1995. 21.

I. Electronic Journals and Internet Sources

1. Electronic Journals

Methods of Documentation:

Author’s nickname, followed by author’s first names: Title of publication. Name of Magazine. Number. Year of publication. Number of pages. Electronic address if available.

Example: Abu Al-rub, Hasan Taher: Palestinian Refugees in Popular Literature: Human Sciences Magazine. 40. 2009.     

http://www.ulum.nl/6.htm

2. Internet Sources (Web Sites):

Methods of Documentation:

Author’s nickname, followed by author’s first names. Title of published materials. Website address.

Example: Al-buni, Anwar: Civilized Dialogue.. http://www.ahewar.org/debat/show.cat.asp?cid=187

J. Oral Interviews

Methods of Documentation:

Interviewee’s name. Place of interview. Date of interview.

Example: Abedallah Al-Khateeb. Amman. 5/9/1995.

II. Natural Sciences:

CSE - Council of Science Editors

The Council of Science Editors scientific style of documentation is used in the biological sciences and many other fields of scientific study as well. It offers two approaches for documenting sources: 1) a name/year system. and, 2) a citation/sequence system.

1. Name/year system.

Inserted at the point of reference, an in-text parenthetical citation containing the author's name and the date of publication interacts with the end documentation by pointing to a specific entry in the References List. The superscripted number flags the reader's attention to a correspondingly numbered entry on a References list located at the end of a book or document.

2. A citation/sequence system:

It relies on numbers. Unlike the Name/Year system, no parenthetical information is required. All that's needed is a superscripted number: a raised numeral located at the end of a clause or sentence identifying the content as outside source material. 

This guide is based on Scientific Styles and Format (6th ed.), a publication of the Council of Science Editors. The standards of documentation they present follow those found in National Library of Medicine Recommended Formats for Bibliographic Citation (NLM 1991).

To learn more about both systems click on the following links.

http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/researchsources/documentation/cbe_citation/index.cfm

http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/researchsources/documentation/cbe_citation/within.cfm

Citing Sources at the End of Your Paper

1. Book with One or More Authors

Format:

Last Name and Initial(s) of First Author, [Followed by Last Name and Initial(s) of Other Authors, if Any]. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher; Year of Publication. Number of Pages.

Example:

Bates, B. Bargaining for life: a social history of tuberculosis. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press; 1992. 435 p.

2. Scholarly and Professional Journals

Format:

Last Name and Initial(s) of Author, [followed by last names and initials of other authors, if any]. Year Month and Day of Publication. Article title. Journal title [abbreviated according to the National Information Standards Organization] Volume Number (Issue Number): Inclusive Page Numbers.

Example:

Wilton P. 1992 May 15. The Toronto Free Hospital for Consumptive Poor. Can Med Assoc J 146 (10): 1812-14.

3. Newspaper and Magazine Articles

Format:

Last Name and Initial(s) of Author, [followed by last names and initials of other authors, if any]. Year Month Day of Publication. Title of article. Title of Newspaper; Section Information: Page Number (and Column Designation).

Example:

Condon G. 1996 Aug 4. Don't take those pills on an empty spirit. Dallas Morning News; Sect 5: 7.

4. Conference Proceedings, Papers and Abstracts

Format:

Last Name and Initial(s) of Editor, [followed by last names and initials of other editors, if any], editor(s). Year of Publication. Description of proceedings and Title of Conference; Year Month Days of Conference; Location of Conference. Place of Publication: Publisher. Number of Pages.

Example:

Powers, J.D., Powers, T.E. 1984. Proceedings of the 10th annual food animal medicine conference: the use of drugs in food animal medicine; 1984 Sep 25-26; Columbus, Ohio. Columbus: The Ohio State University Press. 310 p.

5. Dissertations, Theses and Patents

Format:

Last Name and Initial(s) of Author. Title of dissertation or thesis [dissertation or thesis]. Place of Degree-Granting Institution: Degree-Granting Institution; Date of Degree. Number of pages. Availability Information. Identifying Information.

Example:

Mangie, E.D. A comparative study of the perceptions of illness in New Kingdom Egypt and Mesopotamia of the early first millennium [dissertation]. Akron (OH): University of Akron; 1991. 160 p. Available from: University Microfilms, Ann Arbor MI; AAG9203425.

6. Manuscripts and Documents

Format:

Title of Document. [Description and Date of Document]. Located at: Repository and Location of Repository.

Example:

Box account book. [Accounts of wholesale druggist Henry Box, 1629-42]. Located at: The James Marshall and Marie-Louise Osborn Collection, Yale University Beineke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, New Haven, Connecticut.

7. Electronic and Internet Sources

1. Electronic Journal Articles

Format:

Last Name and Initial(s) of Author, [followed by last names and initials of other authors]. Title of article. Abbreviated Journal Title [medium] Year of Publication; Volume (Issue): Inclusive Page Numbers [if available]. Availability Information. Date of Access.

Example:

Loker, W.M. "Campesinos" and the crisis of modernization in Latin America. Jour of Pol Ecol 1996; 3(1). Available: http://www.library.arizona.edu/ej/jpe/volume_3/ascii-lokeriso.txt via the INTERNET. Accessed 1996 Aug 11.

2. Web Sites

Format:

Last Name and Initial(s) of Author; Title of Webpage [Internet]. Place of Publication: Publisher; Date of Publication [Date of Update/Revision; Date of Citation]. Available from: (Insert Uniform Resources Locater)

Example:

British Medical Journal [Internet]. Stanford, CA: Stanford Univ; 2004 July 10; Available from: http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/

Third: APA System:

System could be used by some departments , for more information u could visit this page:

http://www2.liu.edu/cwis/cwp/library/workshop/citapa.htm