The Faculty of Graduate Studies awarded the researcher Humeidan Naji a Master’s Degree in History in response to his thesis entitled “Dome of the Rock in the Ayyubid and Mamluk eras
(583-923 e / 1187-1517)”.
This study focuses on the Mosque of the Dome of the Rock in the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods, highlighting the historic and cultural role of the Umayyads as it was one of the most important sacred sites for the Muslims. On the virtues of the sacred rock in particular, the Holy House in the Holy Quran and the Sunnah, as well as the architectural and historical role of the Dome of the Rock through the Islamic ages, through historical documents and various sources.
The study also shed light on the administrative apparatus of the dome of the Dome of the Rock. Since the Mamluk era, there has been a special interest in the affairs of the two Holy Mosques (Jerusalem and Hebron). They have appointed a special supervisor and appointed a full staff to perform their functions: Sheikh, Imam, And the muezzin, in addition to the service functions, such as: Miqati, al-bawab, and al sha’aal.
The study also highlighted the scientific and cultural life carried out by the Dome of the Rock, through a statement of the most important subjects that were studied, which were divided into two sections: the forensic sciences: Quran sciences, interpretation, Hadith, jurisprudence, Grammar, logic, mathematical science, and mysticism, and then talk about the most important books adopted in the teaching of each specialty, and the most important elders of each specialty and scientists, has clarified the study mechanism of education, and classes of seminars, which were held in the mosque.
The study also discussed the sources of spending on the Dome of the Rock by highlighting the role of the Waqf in this regard. It dealt with the Waqf and its types, the endowments of the mosque and its endowments, which were confined to it during the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods. The study revealed the impact of the Dome of the Rock on the daily lives of the inhabitants of the Holy City of the Ayyubid and Mamluk ages.
The committee consisted of: Dr. Mohammed Al-Khateeb as a main supervisor and Chairman, Dr. Shawkat Hajah as an external examiner and Dr. Amer Qubaj as an internal examiner.
At the end of the session, the committee approved the success of the researcher and recommended him a Master’s degree.