The Faculty of Graduate Studies awarded the researcher Nedal Abu Eshah a Master’s Degree in Planning & Political Development in response to his thesis entitled “Political Confessionalism and its Role in abort the Arab Spring "Syria as a Model"”.

This study investigated the contributions of political sectarianism in the aborting of the Arab Spring taking the Syrian movement as a model based on considering the Syrian society as cosmopolitan society including various sectarian, religious and ethnic groups. It employed the descriptive, analytical and historical methodology.

It has also examined the concept of political sectarianism in terms of depicting its foundation, development, the incentive factors for its emergence. Thus, it explored the role of the Arab political regimes in enhancing political sectarianism causing internal struggles, and the role of the political sectarianism in social and political instability along with the absence of democracy and development.

Furthermore, it explored the concept of the Arab Spring and the factors of its break out. In addition, it has talked about the social and political structure of the Syrian society in order to understand the socio-political interactions along the history of the modern Syria.

  1. the last chapter, the researcher shed light on the contribution of the political sectarianism in the failure of the Syrian popular movement through discussing it in terms of its causes, factors, stages and strategies. Additionally, the study tackled political sectarianism in the movement in terms of the sectarian system, and the internal and regional sectarian alignment. Finally, the Syrian political sectarian aspects of the popular movement have been explored.

It is concluded that the Syrian regime is a secular state using sectarianism in the process of crowding and rallying forces to serve its interests in order to keep on ruling the country. On the other hand, the opposition practiced the sectarian game in the process of rallying the followers supported with the regional dominating powers enhancing political sectarianism and causing internal struggles, the emergence of the secondary identities, and society dismantlement. This hindered the process of the democratic transformation.

The committee consisted of: Dr. Ibrahim Abu Jaber as a main supervisor and Chairman, Prof. AbdelSattar Qasem as an external examiner and Dr. Othman Qwariq as an internal examiner.

At the end of the session, the committee approved the success of the researcher and recommended him a Master’s degree.


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